31 January 2017

CONFERENCE & CFP: "Post-Communist Restitution of Nationalized Property" (Cluj-Napoca, Romania, September 29, 2017)

WHAT Conference & CFP: Post-Communist Restitution of Nationalized Property

WHEN September 29, 2017

WHERE  Sapientia Hungarian University of Transylvania, Department of Law, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Arrival of the participants on September 28, 2017 and departure on September 30, 2017

Submissions are cordially invited for the conference Post-Communist Restitution of Nationalized Property, an international scholarly conference devoted to the problems and present status of the restitution process of properties confiscated by the communist dictatorial regimes. The goal of this conference is to provide a forum where legal scholars and practitioners from Central and Eastern Europe gather together to present and discuss issues relevant to post-communist restitution of nationalized property from various perspectives. We welcome both theoretical and empirical submissions. Junior scholars are particularly encouraged to participate.

The presentation proposals should include the name and contact information of the presenter and an abstract of the presentation (500 words maximum).

The proposed panels are:

— Legal History of Communist Nationalizations
— Restitution of Nationalized Church Property
— Restitution of Movable Property
— Restitution of Agricultural Lands
— Restitution of Residential Property
— Restitution of Industrial Property
— Compensation Mechanisms

EXTENDED DEADLINE, JOB OFFER: Research Assistant /PhD Candidate / Post-Doc in Research Training Group "Metropolität in der Vormoderne" (University of Regensburg, Germany)

JOB OFFER, Research Assistant /PhD Candidate / Post-Doc in Research Training Group "Metropolität in der Vormoderne", 

EXTENDED DEADLINE: February 9, 2017, 12:00

The DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) Research Training Group 2337/1 "Metropolität in der Vormoderne" (University of Regensburg, Germany) offers  10 x 0,65 Research Assistant / PhD Candidate and 1 x Post-Doc position.

all information here (only in German)

CFP & INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP: "Changements et Continuités. Histoire global, Culture visuelle et Itinérantes" (Lisbon, September 14-16 2017)

WHAT Call for papers & International Workshop Changes and Continuities. Global History, Visual Culture and Itinerancies

WHEN September 14-16, 2017

WHERE Lisbon, Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas – Universidade Nova de Lisboa

deadline March 31, 2017
all information here

Organization: IEM, CHAM, IHC, IHA
Organization Committee: Francisco José Díaz Marcilla (IEM), Francisco Zamora Rodríguez (CHAM), Jorge Tomás García (IHA) e Yvette Santos (IHC)

Following the I (2014) and II (2015) International Workshops “Changes and continuities”, the Institute of Medieval Studies, the Portuguese Centre for Global History, the Institute of Contemporary History and the Institute of Art History, will organize the III Workshop entitled Changes and Continuities. Global History, Visual Culture and Itinerancies, to be held at the FCSH-UNL (September 14-16, 2017).

The MeC3 will focus on three main research lines. All proposals will be distributed in one of them, under an interdisciplinary and trans-historical frame. Thus, the MeC3 accepts proposals relating to the following topics:

1.      Global History - One of the main challenges that History has to face is globalization. National studies have demonstrated their incapability to correctly understand global phenomena, and the way in which they affect societies. This is why new parameters of study are needed. In this thematic line, the methodological and theoretical issues -in addition to the strictly historical one- will be studied n terms of globalization, from its origins, to its development and its present. Proposals may focus on the following subjects (not exclusively): comparative studies, evolution of global phenomena, historical processes in their diachrony, regional studies, changing economies, cultural continuities, methodological questions on globalization, etc.

JOBS: "Three job opportunies at the University of Helsinki" (Helsinki, 2017)

The University of Helsinki is among the leading multidisciplinary research universities in the world. In addition to its 11 faculties, the University of Helsinki includes several independent institutes, some of which are jointly operated with other universities. Some 36,000 students are currently pursuing an undergraduate or postgraduate degree at the University.
The Faculty of Law at the University of Helsinki is the leading Finnish institute of legal research and education. Some of the Faculty degrees are completed at the bilingual Vaasa Unit of Legal Studies
The Faculty’s mission is to train qualified, ethically responsible legal professionals for both the Finnish and international markets through high-quality international research and research-based teaching. The Faculty offers undergraduate degrees in Finnish, Swedish and English as well as a bilingual degree in Swedish and Finnish. The Faculty has a teaching and research staff of around 130 people and 2,400 undergraduate and postgraduate students.

Three exciting job opportunies at the University of Helsinki, for those interested in global, transnational, or Russian law: 

  • ASSISTANT/ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR OR PROFESSOR in Law and Globalisation (deadline February 15, 2017):

The position is located at the Faculty of Law. The position may be filled as an assistant professor/associate professor (tenure track system) or a professor, depending on the candidates’ merits and career stage. A person who is appointed to a tenure track position is employed as an assistant professor for fixed-term employment, during which his or her performance will be monitored and evaluated according to the criteria defined when concluding the employment contract. Successful rating in the assessment will lead to new fixed-term employment as associate professor, the overall aim being a permanent position as professor. A person who is appointed to a tenure track position can also be employed directly to the second stage fixed-term position as an associate professor. If employed as a professor, the appointee’s employment agreement will be concluded for an indefinite period.

25 January 2017

CONFERENCE: "Contrôler les fines des colonies et des municipes" (Paris, January 31 2017)

WHAT Contrôler les fines des colonies et des municipes, Conference

WHEN January 31 2017, 17:30

WHERE Paris, Université Paris Descartes, Faculté de droit, salle des Actes, 10 avenue Pierre Larousse 92240 Malakoff (Métro ligne 13 Malakoff-Plateau de Vanves) 

speaker Prof. Patrick Le Roux (Université Paris XIII) 

23 January 2017

ESIL RESEARCH FORUM GRANADA: Workshop "Neutrality in the History of International Law" (30 Mar 2017)

(image source: ESIL/SEDI)

The Interest Group History of International Law of the European Society of International Law announced the line-up for this year's workshop at the Research Forum in Granada (Spain), which will take on 30 March 2017.

L’intervention d’humanité dans la Guerre des Boxeurs (drs. Paul Bourgues/ATER at the Université de Grenoble)
Contested Turkish Neutrality in International Law (Hakan Gungor/Turkish National Education)
Neutrality in the United Nations – The Case of Austria (Prof. dr. Peter Hilpold/Professor at the Universität Innsbruck)
International Legal Thought : A Legal Project and an Integrative Approach (Dr. PD Thomas Kleinlein/Privatdozent at the Universität Frankfurt,  Dr. David Roth-Isigkeit-Berlin/Research Fellow at the Excellenzcluster Normative Orders/Frankfurt)
Questioning Territory’s Contribution to Neutrality (dra. Gail Lythgoe/University of Glasgow)
Ethiopia, Neutrality and the First World War (Jakob Zollmann/Research Fellow Global Public Law at the WZB Berlin)
Organisation: Interest Group Steering Committee.

Ignacio de la Rasilla y del Moral (Associate Professor, Brunel)
Frederik Dhondt (Assistant Professor, VUB/Visiting Professor, UA/Fellow, FWO-UGent)
Thomas Skouteris (Assistant Professor, American University in Cairo)
Inge Van Hulle (Assistant Professor, Tilburg)
Registration for the event here.

20 January 2017

JOB: Naval and Maritime History position at the University of Exeter (Exeter, September 1, 2017 - August 31, 2020)

WHAT Lecturer in Naval and Maritime History (E&R) at the University of Exeter, College of Humanities

WHEN September 1, 2017 - August 31, 2020

WHERE University of Exeter, College of Humanities, UK

all information here
deadline February 14, 2017

The University of Exeter is a Russell Group university that combines world-class research with very high levels of student satisfaction. Exeter has over 21,000 students from more than 130 different countries and is in the top 1% of universities in the world with 98% of its research rated as being of international quality. Our research focuses on some of the most fundamental issues facing humankind today.

The post of Lecturer in Naval and Maritime History will contribute to extending the research profile of History at Exeter, with a preference for areas related or complementary to the Mediterranean and maritime trade in the Early Modern period. This full time post is available from 1stSeptember 2017 to 31st August 2020 in the College of Humanities on a fixed term basis.
The successful applicant will hold a PhD or equivalent in History and have an independent, internationally-recognised research programme in an active field of historical research related or complementary to existing Exeter strengths. He/she will be able to demonstrate the following qualities and characteristics;   a strong record in attracting research funding, or demonstrable potential to attract such funding, teamwork skills to work in collaboration with existing group members, an active and supportive approach to inter-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary research that will help to foster interactions and links both within the University and externally, the attitude and ability to engage in continuous professional development, the aptitude to develop familiarity with a variety of strategies to promote and assess learning and enthusiasm for delivering undergraduate programmes.
The University offers some fantastic benefits including generous holiday entitlements, options for flexible working, an onsite gym, parking and a stunning campus environment in the heart of Exeter. Take a look at our careers site ( ) for more information.

Our Exeter Academic initiative supports high performing academics to achieve their potential and develop their career.

For further information please contact Professor Richard Toye, or telephone (01392) 723296.

BOOK: "Criminal Law in Liberal and Fascist Italy" by Paul Garfinkel (January, 2017)

Paul Garfinkel, Criminal Law in Liberal and Fascist Italy, Cambridge, January, 2017
Paul Garfinkel is Associate Professor of History at Simon Fraser University, British Columbia
all information here

By extending the chronological parameters of existing scholarship, and by focusing on legal experts' overriding and enduring concern with 'dangerous' forms of common crime, this study offers a major reinterpretation of criminal-law reform and legal culture in Italy from the Liberal (1861–1922) to the Fascist era (1922–43). Garfinkel argues that scholars have long overstated the influence of positivist criminology on Italian legal culture and that the kingdom's penal-reform movement was driven not by the radical criminological theories of Cesare Lombroso, but instead by a growing body of statistics and legal researches that related rising rates of crime to the instability of the Italian state. Drawing on a vast array of archival, legal and official sources, the author explains the sustained and wide-ranging interest in penal-law reform that defined this era in Italian legal history while analyzing the philosophical underpinnings of that reform and its relationship to contemporary penal-reform movements abroad.
  • The most comprehensive analysis to date of criminal law reform in modern Italy ranging from 1815–1943
  • Focuses exclusively on common crime and ordinary penal justice in Liberal and Fascist Italy
  • Positions Italian criminal-law reform for the first time within a transnational context

JOB: "Visiting Professor at the Centre for Ethics" (Toronto, 2017/2018)

WHAT Visiting Professor position at the University of Toronto, Centre for Ethics

WHEN 2017/2018

WHERE University of Toronto

deadline February 1, 2017

19 January 2017

CONFERENCE: British Legal History Conference - Networks and Connections (5-8 Jul 2017)

The British Legal History Conference will take place in Londen from 5 to 7 July 2017.

The organizers recently published the elaborate program on their website.

LECTURE: Il diritto dell’Impero Romano d’Oriente e l’Europa” by Gabor Hamza (Eötvös Loránd). Rome: Accademia d'Ungeria in Roma, 24 Jan 2017

Prof. Gabor Hamza (Budapest) will hold a lecture on the law of the Eastern Roman Empire. More information ? click on the image.

(Source: Prof. D. Heirbaut)

18 January 2017

CALL FOR PAPERS Training, Ideas and Practices. The Law of Nations in the Long Eighteenth Century (Paris, 18-19 May 2017); DEADLINE 20 FEBRUARY 2017

Training, Ideas and Practices. The Law of Nations in the Long Eighteenth Century
(Paris, 18-19 May 2017)

The purpose of this conference is to explore the roots of international law and the various concepts related to the “law of nations” by looking at the legal language of diplomats and foreign offices in Europe during the long eighteenth century. The conference also aims to render the variety and complexity of specific mechanisms through which the law of nations was applied for diplomatic use, to explore social and cultural aspects, and to investigate the practical questions that diplomats frequently faced (N. Drocourt & E. Schnakenbourg (eds.), Thémis en diplomatie, PURennes, 2016).

The relationship between diplomacy and the law of nations is at best ambiguous. On the one hand, the law of nations seems to be a hybrid product of philosophical concepts and a digest of diplomatic practice. Lawyers have difficulty resisting the temptation to write a purely academic or genealogical history of the law of nations. The frequent invocation of authors such as Vattel as an authority seems to support this (P. Haggenmacher  & V. Chetail (eds.), Vattel’s International Law from a XXIst Century Perspective, Brill, 2011). On the other hand, interaction in negotiations involves a lot more than invoked legal principles. A thorough analysis of diplomatic practice often reveals implicit rules within diplomacy as a social field  (P. Bourdieu, Sur l’Etat, Seuil, 2012). Legal arguments are a part of this microcosm, but geopolitical determinants and state interests can bend and bow the use of legal language.

One of the main issues of this conference will be  whether law of nations theories influenced diplomatic practice and at the same time whether diplomatic practice altered traditional law of nations concepts. Through fruitful dialogue between young legal historians, historians of political thought and historians of politics from France, Germany and other parts of Europe, we would like to explore and investigate three different scenarios in which law of nations theories emerged both in the practice and the doctrine of diplomacy:

1)      Training of diplomats

Was the law of nations the basis of diplomatic education? Did diplomats also receive specific, in-house, foreign affairs training? Was it only theoretical or also based on practice and experience? Was there already a form of professionalisation of diplomats, especially in view of later developments in the 19th century (L. Nuzzo & M. Vec (dir.), Constructing International Law – The Birth of a Discipline, V. Klostermann, 2012)? Finally, to what extent can we envisage a common European diplomatic culture?

2)      Circulation of ideas and diplomatic networks

What was the legal and intellectual background of the various traités du droit des gens? To what extent were legal expertise (G. Braun, La connaissance du Saint-Empire en France du baroque aux Lumières (1643-1756), De Gruyter, 2010) or legal rhetorics pragmatic tools used in everyday politics? For whom did thinkers such as Abbé de Saint-Pierre (1658-1743) write their treatises? The sovereign? Legal advisers? Public opinion?  If the law of nations formed a kind of a common European diplomatic culture, how did it spread throughout Europe? Can we identify the same use in various diplomatic flows of the time? How were diplomatic networks organised?  Can we find examples of specific territories - such as the principalities of Walachia and Moldova, between the Ottoman Empire and the “European” powers – functioning as kinds of “diplomatic hubs”? 

3)      Transformation

Is the diplomatic habitus of the Vienna Congress a turning point?  Where did the transition from the 18th to the 19th century take place, both in theory and in practice? How important was the impact of Enlightenment and French Revolutionary thought (M. Bélissa,  Fraternité universelle et intérêt national, 1713-1795, Kimé, 1998)? How far can we find echoes in diplomatic culture and correspondence?

We kindly invite young scholars (up to 6 years after PhD) to present their new research within French-German and European perspectives. All applications must be sent by 20 February 2017 with a short CV (5 to 10 lines) and a proposal of 400 words to Results will be communicated by 15 March 2017.  This conference has received the generous support of the CIERA (Centre interdisciplinaire d'études et de recherches sur l'Allemagne, as a colloque junior and will take place on the 18th (afternoon) and 19th (morning) of May 2017.  

Papers can be presented in English, French or German. A peer-reviewed publication of the proceedings is envisaged.

Organising Committee
Raphael Cahen (Orléans/VUB-FWO)
Frederik Dhondt (VUB/Antwerp/Ghent-FWO)
Elisabetta Fiocchi Malaspina (Zürich)

Scientific Committee
Jacques Bouineau (La Rochelle)
Paul De Hert (VUB)
Dirk Heirbaut (Ghent)
Christine Lebeau (Paris I)
Gabriella Silvestrini (Piemonte Orientale)
Matthias Schmoeckel (Bonn)
Antonio Trampus (Venezia)
Miloš Vec (Vienna)

Formation, idées et pratique. Le droit des gens dans le long dix-huitième siècle
(Paris, 18-19 mai 2017)

Les origines du droit international et les divers concepts du « droit des gens » seront au cœur d’une rencontre scientifique, portant sur l’étude du langage juridique des diplomates et des chancelleries européennes pendant le long dix-huitième siècle. Les mécanismes d’application spécifiques à travers lesquels le droit des gens fut invoqué pour une utilisation diplomatique ne se conçoivent pas en dehors des aspects culturels et sociaux, ou des problèmes pratiques que les diplomates avaient à trancher (N. Drocourt & E. Schnakenbourg (dir.), Thémis en diplomatie, PU Rennes, 2016).

                La relation entre la diplomatie et le droit des gens est ambiguë. D’une part, le droit des gens semble un produit hybride de concepts philosophiques et une cristallisation de pratique diplomatique. Les juristes peinent à résister la tentation d’écrire une histoire purement académique ou généalogique du droit des gens. L’invocation fréquente d’auteurs tels que Vattel en est une indication courante (P. Haggenmacher & V. Chetail (dir.), Vattel’s International Law from a XXIst Century Perspective, Brill, 2011). Néanmoins, l’interaction de la négociation entraîne bien plus qu’une invocation de principes juridiques. Une analyse rigoureuse de la pratique diplomatique révèle des règles implicites au sein de la diplomatie comme champ social (P. Bourdieu, Sur l’Etat, Seuil, 2012). L’argumentation juridique relève de ce microcosme et doit donc être apprécié dans une sociabilité qui transcende les traditions juridiques nationales (L. Bély, L’art de la paix en Europe : naissance de la diplomatie moderne, XVIe-XVIIIe siècle, PUF, 2007). Toutefois, les déterminants géopolitiques et les intérêts d’État peuvent amender ou infléchir l’utilisation d’arguments juridiques.

                Une question centrale sera d’essayer de savoir si les théories du droit des gens ont influé la pratique diplomatique, et si de son côté la pratique diplomatique a réussi à changer les concepts traditionnels du droit des gens. Un échange fructueux entre jeunes historiens du droit, historiens de la pensée politique et historiens « du politique » de France, d’Allemagne et d’autres traditions intellectuelles européennes permettra d’explorer trois scénarios différents à travers lesquels les théories du droit des gens émergeaient aussi bien en pratique qu’en doctrine diplomatique.

1)      Formation des diplomates
Le droit des gens constituait-il le cœur de la formation diplomatique ? Qu’en fut-il des enseignements pratiques, organisés par les administrations étatiques des affaires étrangères ? Quel était le rapport entre les connaissances tirées de l’objet même de la négociation (la pratique) et celle dérivée des écrits qui font autorité dans nos traditions scientifiques ? Pouvait-on vraiment parler de professionnalisation, également eu égard aux développements du XIXe (L. Nuzzo & M. Vec (dir.), Constructing International Law – The Birth of a Discipline, V. Klostermann, 2012) ? Finalement, qu’en fut-il du caractère commun ou européen de la culture diplomatique des divers corps ?

2)      Circulation des idées et réseaux diplomatiques
Les traités dévoués au droit des gens sont souvent étudiés en isolement, hors contexte, dans leur lignée intellectuelle ou académique. Cependant, qu’en fut-il de leur utilisation pratique ou de celle de l’expertise juridique plus générale (G. Braun, La connaissance du Saint-Empire en France du baroque aux Lumières (1643-1756), De Gruyter, 2010), comme outil rhétorique dans la politique quotidienne ? À qui s’adressaient les traités de penseurs comme l’abbé de Saint-Pierre (1658-1743) ? Le souverain, ou bien ses conseillers juridiques, ou bien l’opinion de la république des lettres ? Si le droit des gens constituait une sorte de culture diplomatique européenne commune, comment se diffusait-elle sur le continent ? Peut-on identifier des usages similaires dans les flux diplomatiques ? Comment les réseaux s’organisaient-ils ? Peut-on identifier des carrefours diplomatiques, tels que les principautés de Valachie et Moldavie, entre l’Empire Ottoman et les puissances européennes ?

3)      Transformation
Le Congrès de Vienne (1815) fut-il vraiment un tournant pour le droit des gens ? Si nous pouvons identifier une transition, relève-t-elle de la doctrine juridique ou plutôt des idées politiques ? À quel degré la pensée des Lumières et de la Révolution a-t-elle impacté le droit des gens classique (M. Bélissa, Fraternité universelle et intérêt national, 1713-1795, Kimé, 1998) ? Dans quelle mesure la correspondance diplomatique en fut-elle le témoin ?

Nous invitons les jeunes chercheurs (jusqu’à six ans après soutenance de la thèse de doctorat) à présenter leurs recherches nouvelles, dans une perspective franco-allemande et européenne. Les propositions doivent être envoyées pour le 20 février 2017 au plus tard, accompagnées d’un CV concis (5 à 10 lignes) et d’un résumé de 400 mots au maximum ( Les résultats seront communiqués pour le 15 mars 2017 au plus tard.

La conférence a reçu le soutien du CIERA (Centre interdisciplinaire d’études et de recherches sur l’Allemagne, en tant que colloque junior. Elle aura lieu à Paris, le 18 mai 2017 (à la Maison de la Recherche), et le 19 mai 2017 (Fondation Biermans-Lapôtre, Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris). Les contributions peuvent être présentées en anglais, français ou allemand. Les frais de déplacement et d'hébergement pourront être pris en charge sous certaines conditions. Une publication soumise au contrôle des pairs est envisagée.

Comité organisateur
Raphael Cahen (VUB-FWO/Orléans-POLEN)
Frederik Dhondt (VUB/Anvers/Gand-FWO)
Elisabetta Fiocchi Malaspina (Zürich)

Comité scientifique
Jacques Bouineau (La Rochelle)
Paul De Hert (VUB)
Dirk Heirbaut (Gand)
Christine Lebeau (Paris I Panthéon Sorbonne)
Gabriella Silvestrini (Piemonte Orientale)
Matthias Schmoeckel (Bonn)
Antonio Trampus (Venise)
Miloš Vec (Vienne)

CALL FOR PAPERS: Ausbildung, Ideen und Praxis.
Das Völkerrecht im langen 18. Jahrhundert

Das Ziel dieser Konferenz besteht darin, den Ursprung und die verschiedenen Konzepte des Völkerrechts (droit des gens) in der juristischen Sprache der Diplomaten während des langen 18. Jahrhunderts zu untersuchen. Dabei geht es um die spezifische Verwendung des Völkerrechts als diplomatisches Werkzeug und die sozialen und kulturellen Aspekte dieser praktischen Diplomatie. (N. Drocourt & E. Schnakenbourg (hg.), Thémis en diplomatie, PU Rennes, 2016).
Die Beziehungen zwischen Diplomatie und Völkerrecht sind ambivalent. Das Völkerrecht ist ein Produkt philosophischer Konzepte und diplomatischer Praxis. Den Juristen fällt es schwer, einer akademischen oder genealogischen Geschichte des Völkerrechts auszuweichen, weshalb in der Historiografie häufig Vattel zitiert wird (P. Haggenmacher & V. Chetail, Vattel’s International Law from a XXIst Century Perspective, Brill, 2011). Dennoch ist Diplomatie viel mehr als nur eine Argumentation auf der Grundlage juristischer Prinzipien. Eine tiefere Analyse der praktischen Diplomatie wird implizite Regeln in der Diplomatie als Champs social zeigen (P. Bourdieu, Sur l’Etat, Seuil, 2012). Die juristische Argumentation entstammt diesem Mikrokosmos und soll auch im Rahmen einer transnationalen Soziabilität untersucht werden, welche über die nationale juristische Tradition hinausgeht (L. Bély, L’art de la paix en Europe: naissance de la diplomatie moderne, XVIe-XVIIIe siècle, PUF, 2007). Dabei können geopolitische Fakten oder Staatsinteressen den Gebrauch juristischer Argumentationsformen modifizieren.
Die zentrale Frage lautet, inwiefern völkerrechtliche Theorien die diplomatische Praxis beeinflusst haben und wie die praktische Diplomatie ihrerseits die Konzepte des Völkerrechts modifiziert hat. Die Nachwuchs-Konferenz versteht sich als Forum für einen Dialog zwischen Rechtshistorikern, Ideengeschichtlern und Politik-Historikern aus Frankreich, Deutschland und anderen europäischen Ländern. Wir werden die völkerrechtlichen Theorien hinsichtlich der Praxis wie auch in der Doktrin aus dreierlei Perspektiven untersuchen.
1) Die Diplomatische Ausbildung
War das Völkerrecht der Kern der diplomatischen Ausbildung? Welcher praktische Lehrstoff wurde von den Außendienstverwaltungen der Staaten angeboten? Welche Beziehung gab es zwischen dem Wissen, das aus der Praxis abgeleitet wurde und der Wissenschaft? Kann man bereits im 18. Jahrhundert von Professionalisierung sprechen (L. Nuzzo & M. Vec (hg.), Constructing International Law – The Birth of a Discipline, V. Klostermann, 2012)? Lässt sich eine gemeinsame oder europäische diplomatische Kultur der verschiedenen europäischen diplomatischen Ausbildungen ausmachen?
2) Die Verbreitung der Ideen und diplomatische Netzwerke
Völkerrechtliche Verträge werden oft ohne Kontextualisierung und nicht hinsichtlich ihres akademischen oder intellektuellen Ursprungs untersucht. Was kann man über ihre praktische Bedeutung, den Gebrauch, die juristische Expertise oder sogar ihre Funktion als rhetorisches Werkzeug in der Tagespolitik sagen (G. Braun, La connaissance du Saint-Empire en France du baroque aux Lumières (1643-1756), De Gruyter, 2010)? Für wen hat Abbé de Saint-Pierre (1658-1743) geschrieben? Für den Prinzen, die Juristen, die Republik des lettres, die öffentliche Meinung? War das Völkerrecht Teil einer gemeinsamen europäischen Kultur? Wenn ja, wie wurde diese Kultur verbreitet? Findet sich solch ein Habitus im diplomatischen Handeln? Wie waren die Netzwerke organisiert? Gab es verschiedene diplomatische Mittelpunkte wie die Fürstentümer der Walachei und Moldau, die als Vermittler zwischen dem Osmanischen Reich und den Europäischen Mächten galten?
3) Der Wandel
Ist der Wiener Kongress wirklich ein Wendepunkt im Völkerrecht? Wenn ein Wandel identifiziert werden kann, gründet dieser im juristischen Diskurs oder in den politischen Ideen der Zeit? Inwiefern haben die Aufklärung und die Französische Revolution das « klassische » Völkerrecht verändert (M. Bélissa, Fraternité universelle et intérêt national, 1713-1795, Kimé, 1998)? Zeugt die diplomatische Korrespondenz der Zeit von diesen Veränderungen?
Wir laden Nachwuchswissenschaftler (bis 6 Jahre nach der Verteidigung der Doktorarbeit) ein, ihre Forschungen in deutsch-französischer und europäischer Perspektive vorzustellen. Die Vortragvorschläge (400 Worte) sollen mit einem kurzen Lebenslauf bis zum 20.02.2017 an gesendet werden. Bis zum 15.03.2017 bekommen Sie eine Antwort.
Die Konferenz wird in Paris am 18. (Maison de la Recherche), und 19. Mai 2017 (Fondation Biermans-Lapôtre, Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris) stattfinden.
Die Vorträge können entweder auf Englisch, Deutsch oder Französisch gehalten werden. Unterkunft und Fahrkosten werden unter bestimmten Bedingungen rückerstattet. Eine Peer-Review Veröffentlichung des Konferenzbandes ist geplant.
Raphael Cahen (VUB-FWO/Orléans-POLEN)
Frederik Dhondt (VUB/Anvers/Gand-FWO)
Elisabetta Fiocchi Malaspina (Zürich)

Wissenschaftliches Komitee
Jacques Bouineau (La Rochelle) 
Paul De Hert (VUB)
Dirk Heirbaut (Gand) 
Christine Lebeau (Paris I Panthéon Sorbonne)
Gabriella Silvestrini (Piemonte Orientale)
Matthias Schmoeckel (Bonn)
Antonio Trampus (Venise) 
Miloš Vec (Vienne)

16 January 2017

BOOK: Agustín PARISE, Ownership Paradigms in Latin American Civil Law Jurisdictions. Manifestations of the Shifts in the Legislation of Louisiana, Chile, and Argentina (16th-20th Centuries) [Legal History Library, 21; Studies in the History of Private Law, eds. Remco VAN RHEE, Dirk HEIRBAUT & Mathew C. MIROW, 11]. Leiden/New York: Martinus Nijhoff/Brill, 2017, xiii + 379 p. ISBN 9789004338203, € 139.

(image source: Brill)

Dr. Agustín Parise (Maastricht University) published Ownership Paradigms in Latin American Civil Law Jurisdictions. Manifestations of the Shifts in the Legislation of Louisiana, Chile, and Argentina (16th-20th Centuries) in the Series Legal History Library/Studies in the History of Private Law (eds. R. Van Rhee,  D. Heirbaut & M. C. Mirow).

Book abstract:
In Ownership Paradigms in American Civil Law Jurisdictions Agustín Parise assists in identifying the transformations experienced in the legislation dealing with ownership in the Americas, thereby showing that current understandings are not uncontested dogmas.
 This book is the result of research undertaken on both sides of the Atlantic, and covers the 16th to 20th centuries. Agustín Parise offers readers a journey across time and space, by studying three American civil law jurisdictions in three successive time periods. His book first highlights the added value that comparative legal historical studies may bring to Europe and the Americas. It then addresses, in chronological order, the three ownership paradigms (i.e., Allocation, Liberal, and Social Function) that he claims have developed in the Americas.
On the author:
Agustín Parise, Ph.D. (2015) Maastricht University, LL.D. (2010) Universidad de Buenos Aires, is Assistant Professor of Law at the Faculty of Law of Maastricht University. He has published monographs and articles on comparative law and legal history, including Historia de la Codificación Civil del Estado de Luisiana y su Influencia en el Código Civil Argentino (Eudeba, 2013).

Table of contents:
List of Figures

 Chapter 1 Introduction
 1.1 Motivation
 1.2 Problematization
 1.3 Research Questions
 1.4 Conceptualizations
 1.4.1 American Civil Law Jurisdictions
 1.4.2 Ownership Paradigms
 1.5 Methodology
 1.5.1 Louisiana as a Hard Case for American Civil Law Jurisdictions
 1.6 Sources
 1.7 Structure

 Chapter 2 The Value of Comparative Legal History for American Civil Law Jurisdictions
 2.1 Introduction
 2.2 Construction
 2.2.1 Building Blocks
 2.2.2 Autonomous Discipline
 2.3 Development
 2.3.1 Emergence Europe American Civil Law Jurisdictions Legal Historiography in Louisiana, Chile, and Argentina
 2.3.2 Conditions Favorable Challenges
 2.3.3 Benefits
 2.3.4 Corollary
 2.4 Impact on Transplantation
 2.5 Closing Remarks

 Chapter 3 The Allocation Paradigm of Ownership in American Civil Law Jurisdictions
 3.1 Introduction
 3.2 Native American Land Relations
 3.2.1 America as a Mosaic of Different Legal Systems
 3.2.2 Louisiana, Chile, and Argentina within the Mosaic
 3.2.3 Corollary
 3.3 Spanish Access to Lands in the Americas
 3.3.1 Territories as Royal Holdings of Castile Spanish Scholasticism and the Right to Conquest and Just War
 3.3.2 Louisiana, Chile, and Argentina as Royal Holdings of Castile
 3.3.3 Corollary
 3.4 Indiano Legal Order
 3.4.1 Castilian Precepts as Models for the Americas
 3.4.2 Corpus iuris indiarum: Legislative Enactments and Doctrine
 3.4.3 Louisiana, Chile, and Argentina within the Indiano Legal Order
 3.4.4 Corollary
 3.5 Allocating Multiple Interests
 3.5.1 Crown of Castile
 3.5.2 Roman Catholic Church
 3.5.3 Native American Groups
 3.5.4 Corollary
 3.6 Individual Allocation
 3.6.1 Transplantation of the Royal Land Grants System
 3.6.2 Implementation of Royal Land Grants (Argentine Illustration)
 3.6.3 Royal Land Grants in Louisiana and Chile
 3.6.4 Corollary
 3.7 Communal Allocation
 3.7.1 Comunales and Propios: Origins and Implementation
 3.7.2 Communal Property in European Settlements
 3.7.3 Communal Property in Native American Towns
 3.7.4 Communal Property in Louisiana, Chile, and Argentina
 3.7.5 Corollary
 3.8 Closing Remarks

 Chapter 4 The Liberal Paradigm of Ownership in American Civil Law Jurisdictions
 4.1 Introduction
 4.2 Emergence of First-Generation Codes
 4.2.1 Studies on Comparative Legislation
 4.3 First-Generation Codes across the Americas
 4.3.1 Louisiana
 4.3.2 Chile
 4.3.3 Argentina 201
 4.4 Codifying the Liberal Paradigm of Ownership 204
 4.4.1 Origins 205
 4.4.2 Formal Sources 209
 4.4.3 Transplantation and Development of Common Sources 218
 4.5 Encapsulation of the New Paradigm across the Americas 
 4.5.1 Louisiana Constitutional Protection Codified Protection Sources of the Provisions Corollary 
 4.5.2 Chile Constitutional Protection Codified Protection Sources of the Provisions Corollary
 4.5.3 Argentina Constitutional Protection Codified Protection Sources of the Provisions Corollary
 4.6 Pollination of Ownership in the Americas
 4.6.1 Pollination from Louisiana
 4.6.2 Pollination from Chile
 4.6.3 Pollination from Argentina
 4.7 Introduction to Second-Generation Codes
 4.8 Closing Remarks

 Chapter 5 The Social Function Paradigm of Ownership in American Civil Law Jurisdictions
 5.1 Introduction
 5.2 Social Function Understanding
 5.2.1 Global Emergence
 5.2.2 Social Doctrine of the Church
 5.2.3 Duguit: The Paladin of the Social Function Paradigm Postulates Impact on the Legal Discourse
 5.2.4 Corollary
 5.3 Reception in Constitutions
 5.3.1 American Origins: Social Constitutionalism in Mexico
 5.3.2 European Origins: Social Constitutionalism in Germany
 5.3.3 Global Contagion of Constitutions
 5.3.4 Louisiana Social Context Reception Constitutional Proceedings
 5.3.5 Chile Social Context Reception Constitutional Proceedings
 5.3.6 Argentina Social Context Reception Constitutional Proceedings
 5.4 Reception in Civil Codes
 5.4.1 Momentum in Second-Generation Civil Codes
 5.4.2 Doctrine of Abuse of Rights
 5.4.3 Louisiana Evolution Instrumentation
 5.4.4 Chile Evolution Instrumentation
 5.4.5 Argentina Evolution Instrumentation
 5.5 Reception in Special Legislation
 5.5.1 Land Reform Global Evolution American Evolution
 5.5.2 Louisiana Evolution Implementation
 5.5.3 Chile Evolution Implementation
 5.5.4 Argentina Evolution Colonization as an Alternative
 5.6 Closing Remarks

 Chapter 6 Conclusions
 6.1 Presentation
 6.2 Central Conclusions
 6.2.1 Visualizing Paradigms and Shifts
 6.2.2 Circulation of Ideas and Paradigm Flows
 6.2.3 Contagious Evolution across Time and Space
 6.2.4 Transplantation of Vernacular and Foreign Legal Sources
 6.3 Peripheral Conclusions
 6.3.1 Disciplinary Value of Comparative Legal History
 6.3.2 Quality of Existing Output
 6.3.3 Transatlantic Circulation
 6.3.4 Global Undertakings
 6.4 Areas of Future Research
 6.4.1 Additional Sources of Law and Ownership Paradigms
 6.4.2 Ecological Function of Ownership
 6.4.3 Global Context for Ownership Paradigms
 6.5 Finale

 List of References

 Index of Names
More on Brill's website.

15 January 2017

SCHOLARSHIP: Postgraduate Visiting Researcher in Roman law or Legal History at the University of Glasgow (DEADLINE 10 FEB 2017)

(image source: Glasgow Law School)

H-Law has the following announcement by prof. E. Metzger:
The University of Glasgow School of Law invites applications from PhD students in Roman law/legal history for the post of Alan Rodger Postgraduate Visiting Researcher, to be held during the 2017/18 academic year. The selected candidate will spend a term in Glasgow and receive a £2,000 award for support. The deadline for applications is 10 February 2017. Full details are available from its website
The post was established in memory of Lord Rodger of Earlsferry (1944-2011), Justice of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, and scholar of Roman law and legal history.

12 January 2017

BOOK: Lindy GRANT, Blance of Castille, Queen of France. New Haven (Conn.): Yale UP, 2017, 456 p. ISBN 9780300219265, USD 50.

(image source: Yale UP)

Book abstract:
This is the first modern scholarly biography of Blanche of Castile, whose identity has until now been subsumed in that of her son, the saintly Louis IX. A central figure in the politics of medieval Europe, Blanche was a sophisticated patron of religion and culture. Through Lindy Grant’s engaging account, based on a close analysis of Blanche’s household accounts and of the social and religious networks on which her power and agency depended, Blanche is revealed as a vibrant and intellectually questioning personality.
On the author:
Lindsy Grant is professor of medieval history, University of Reading, and was previously medieval curator at the Courtauld Institute, London.
More information on the publisher's website.

COLLOQUIUM & CFP: "Colloque en commémoration du bicentenaire de la mort de Pierre-Samuel Dupont de Nemours" (Paris, December 14-15 2017)

WHAT Colloque en commémoration du bicentenaire de la mort de Pierre-Samuel Dupont de Nemours, Colloquium

WHEN December 14-15, 2017

WHERE Salle des Conseils – Université Paris II Panthéon-Assas (12 place du Panthéon, Paris 5e)

deadline March 30, 2017

Pierre-Samuel Dupont de Nemours (1739-1817) appartient à cette galerie de personnages qui présentent la particularité d’avoir été des acteurs de la France d’avant 1789 et de celle d’après 1789. Connu pour son appartenance à la « secte des économistes », il apparaît comme l’un des principaux propagandistes de la doctrine économique des physiocrates, qui a contribué à jeter les fondements du libéralisme. Or, si la pensée et les propositions du physiocrate économiste ont majoritairement attiré le regard des chercheurs comme le prouvent les nombreux travaux en la matière, d’autres facettes de Dupont de Nemours restent encore à explorer et à mettre à perspective. C’est notamment le cas des idées qu’il a défendues et des actions qu’il a menées dans le domaine politique.  
Comme chacun de ses comparses qui a vécu ces deux moments – avant 89, après 89 –, la trajectoire de Dupont de Nemours est marquée par des permanences et des variations dans certains de ses engagements et positions politiques qui se reflètent notamment dans ses écrits à la fois nombreux et protéiformes (ouvrages, articles, rapports, mémoires, correspondance…). Plutôt que de céder à l’hypothèse facile de l’opportunisme, il apparaît plus prudent d’identifier les repositionnements du personnage en fonction des fluctuations de la conjoncture politique, extrêmement mobile dès les années 1780. Quoi qu’il en soit, il ne fait nul doute que les idées et les actions politiques imprègnent la vie – parfois romanesque (romancée ?) – de Dupont de Nemours. Un rappel de quelques étapes importantes de cette vie suffit pour s’en convaincre.
À la fin des années 1760 et au cours de la décennie suivante, en physiocrate assumé, Dupont de Nemours se fait le chantre d’une monarchie régénérée qui reposerait sur les préceptes du despotisme légal. Un tel positionnement idéologique le conduit alors à vanter les mérites, sur le plan de l’organisation administrative, d’un système de municipalités autonomes alors qu’il est devenu le bras droit du contrôleur général Turgot. Sa volonté de réformer les institutions attire la curiosité des princes éclairés (le roi de Suède Gustave III, le margrave de Bade Charles-Frédéric et le roi de Pologne Stanislas Poniatowski) auprès desquels il est appelé à exercer ses talents. En 1783, il est associé par Vergennes à la confection du traité qui reconnaît les treize colonies libres, indépendantes et souveraines, formant les États-Unis, ce qui lui vaut d’être anobli par Louis XVI l’année suivante. En 1786, il contribue également à la préparation du traité de commerce avec l’Angleterre. En 1787, année durant laquelle il fait la connaissance de Thomas Jefferson avec qui il entretiendra une importante correspondance, Dupont de Nemours conseille et guide le ministre Calonne dans son projet de création d’assemblées provinciales, ce qui ne l’empêche pas de promouvoir quelques mois plus tard, dans un contexte politique et intellectuel nouveau, une monarchie tempérée dans laquelle la nation est appelée à occuper une place stratégique. Membre depuis la fin de l’année 1788 de l’influente Société des Trente, il participe activement à la rédaction des doléances du tiers état du bailliage de Nemours, dont il sera l’un des représentants aux États généraux. Le basculement révolutionnaire lui permet de devenir député de l’Assemblée nationale constituante et de se montrer très actif au cours de son mandat, tout en manifestant une entière fidélité à Louis XVI et un soutien assumé à la monarchie constitutionnelle, jusqu’à sa disparition en 1792. Après la parenthèse de la Terreur et quelques jours d’emprisonnement, il est élu député du Loiret au Conseil des Anciens où il prend une part importante à tous ses travaux et se distingue surtout par ses critiques à l’encontre du Directoire. Après le coup d’État du 18 fructidor, il est de nouveau emprisonné quelque temps à cause de ses sympathies royalistes et échappe de peu à la déportation. À la fin de l’année 1799, il décide de s’exiler aux États-Unis. Dès l’année suivante, Jefferson, qui est devenu vice-président, lui demande de rédiger un plan d’éducation publique pour les États-Unis. En 1802, de retour en France, il joue un rôle officieux et déterminant dans les relations diplomatiques franco-américaines, à propos de la cession de la Louisiane. Opposé à la politique de l’empereur, il se consacre alors à ses travaux scientifiques, tout en s’intéressant toujours de très près à la politique américaine. Après avoir été secrétaire puis vice-président de la Chambre de commerce de Paris entre 1803 et 1810, il est nommé secrétaire du gouvernement provisoire en 1814 puis rentre au Conseil d’État sous la première Restauration. Or, l’épisode des Cent-Jours le contraint à repartir aux États-Unis où, à peine arrivé, il propose ses services au président Madison. Il décède en 1817 à Wilmington (Delaware), dans la propriété familiale fondée par son fils Éleuthère Irénée.

11 January 2017

BOOK: Sara MCDOUGALL, Royal Bastards: the Birth of Illegitimacy, 800-1230 [Studies in Medieval History]. Oxford: OUP, 2017, 320 p. ISBN 9781098785828

(image source: OUP)

Sara McDougall (CUNY) has published a study on medieval bastardy in OUP's Studies in Medieval History series.

Book abstract:
The stigmatization as ‘bastards’ of children born outside of wedlock is commonly thought to have emerged early in Medieval European history. Christian ideas about legitimate marriage, it is assumed, set the standard for legitimate birth. Children born to anything other than marriage had fewer rights or opportunities. They certainly could not become king or queen. As this volume demonstrates, however, well into the late twelfth century, ideas of what made a child a legitimate heir had little to do with the validity of his or her parents’ union according to the dictates of Christian marriage law. Instead a child’s prospects depended upon the social status, and above all the lineage, of both parents. To inherit a royal or noble title, being born to the right father mattered immensely, but also being born to the right kind of mother. Such parents could provide the most promising futures for their children, even if doubt was cast on the validity of the parents’ marriage. Only in the late twelfth century did children born to illegal marriages begin to suffer the same disadvantages as the children born to parents of mixed social status. Even once this change took place we cannot point to ‘the Church’ as instigator. Instead, exclusion of illegitimate children from inheritance and succession was the work of individual litigants who made strategic use of Christian marriage law. This new history of illegitimacy rethinks many long-held notions of medieval social, political, and legal history.
Table of contents:
1. The Language of Illegitimacy
2. The Carolingian Example: The Sons of Concubines
3. Illegitimacy and the Making of Medieval Dynasties 900-1050
4. Maternal Lineage and Anglo-Norman Succession 950-1150
5. Canon Law, Canonists, and Bastards in the World of Ivo of Chartres
6. Redefining Marriage and Legitimacy (1140-1200): Ideas and Practices
7. Royal Bastards of the Twelfth Century: The Monk-King of Aragon's Daughter, the Abbess-Countess of Boulogne's Daughter, and Tancred of Lecce
8. Illegitimacy and Legitimation in the Thirteenth Century: Pope Innocent III, King Philip II, and Emperor Frederick II
9. Scandal in Jerusalem: Royal Succession and Illegitimacy
10. Saint Fernando III, The Bastard King of Leon

More information with OUP.

(source: Legal History Blog)